The 4th Climate Change Technology Conference (CCTC 2015) is a forum for Canadian and International participants to exchange ideas for dealing with climate change. It is also an opportunity to keep abreast of emerging techniques and technologies for the mitigation of, and adaptation to, the impacts of climate change. The Engineering Institute of Canada (EIC) and ten of its member societies are organizing CCTC2015, which will be held at the Hotel Omni Mont-Royal in the city of Montreal, Canada.
The very success of our species has led to a situation in which impact engineering design on climate and the impact of climate change on society must be considered in all future planning. This conference is dedicated to the study and exposition of the status and prospects of engineering in support of a bright future for humanity in the midst of a rapidly changing climate and its physical and sociological impacts.
The Engineering Institute of Canada (EIC) annually recognizes outstanding engineers amongst the membership of its member societies, both academic and industry based members, at an awards gala. The 2014 award winners will be presented at the CCTC2015 conference banquet to be held in the OMNI hotel, Montreal during the evening of 26 May 2015. The EIC which is currently in the process of selecting the recipients expects to be able to announce them by 15 February, 2015.
The 2013 recipients and citations are found at http://www.eic-ici.ca/honours_awards/ .
This track provides an opportunity for papers to be presented on actions and technologies to limit the
magnitude of or manage the eventual impacts of climate change.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
• Reduction of greenhouse gases,
• Increase of carbon sinks (reforestation, CO2 capture and storage),
• Human/engineering capacity constraints,
• Industry case studies on GHG mitigation technology implementation,
• Stratospheric ozone depletion,
• Sea level rise mitigating technologies,
• Impacts on ecosystems and human communities, and adaptation to impacts,
• Extreme events management,
• Economy impacts of mitigation and adaptation plans,
• Analyses of policy options.
Climate change may be one of the most significant issues facing today’s transportation (land, air, and
sea). This track provides an opportunity for papers to be presented on two major challenges for
the transportation community:
1. Adaptability of our transportation networks to our changing climate.
2. Reduction of mobile source greenhouse gas emissions.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
• Reducing fossil fuel use,
• Advanced energy-efficient technologies,
• Non-carbon based fuel and energy sources,
• Alternative fuels,
• Transport system management,
• Transport system infrastructure design, operation and maintenance,
• Public transportation and climate change,
• Factors affecting airport weather delays,
• Transportation policies and planning.
Climate change should be considered in planning, constructing, operating, maintaining and rehabilitating infrastructures including roads and buildings. This track provides an opportunity for papers to be presented on topics related to infrastructures impacts to climate change.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
- Infrastructure climate risk management,
- Adapting infrastructures to current and future climate,
- Codes and standards,
- Infrastructure climate design,
- Infrastructure operation impact on climate change,
- Net-zero buildings,
- Government policies,
- Permafrost degradation,
- Methane release.
Oceans, especially arctic are a key place to understand how climate change is affecting our planet. This track provides an opportunity to discuss the ocean’s role in earth climate.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
- Cold climate technology
- Ocean acidification,
- Rising sea levels,
- Melting ice caps,
- Methane release from ocean floor gas hydrate decomposition,
- Arctic atmosphere,
- Effect of climate change on ocean currents,
- Artificial reefs,
- Policy and management.
This topic provides an opportunity to present papers related to production, distribution and use of efficient energy and its effect on climate change.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
- Fossil and biomass electricity,
- Nuclear power,
- Solar power,
- Wind power,
- Hydroelectric power,
- End-use sectors,
- Impact of energy production and use on climate (air, water and natural resources).
This topic provides an opportunity to present papers related to modelling, data analysis, and design.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
- Importance of proper design of components,
- Optimization factors in data analysis,
- Simulation of climate change effects,
- Modelling of energy systems,
- CFD modelling of flow over structures.
- Ecosystem design,
- Water resources management,
- Technology inspired by ecosystem processes.
This track provides an opportunity to present solutions to water resources.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
- Adaptation to climate change in water sector,
- Water systems thinking approaches.
This topic provides an opportunity to present papers that do not easily fit into any of the other tracks.
The topics could be (but not limited to):
- Transportation of fuels,
- Predictions on energy consumptions,
- Life cycle assessment,
- Biomass and food production,
Alain Bourque earned a graduate in meteorology at McGill University (1989) and an M.Sc. in atmospheric science at UQAM (1996). From 1989 to 2001, he worked as a meteorologist and climatologist at Environment Canada, where he was involved in several projects related to adapting to the impacts of extreme events and climate change and in the climate analyses of the 1996 Saguenay flood and the 1998 ice storm. In 2001, he joined the newly formed Ouranos Consortium where he developed and implemented the Impacts and Adaptation Program, allowing the production of more than 200 projects and initiatives.
He is Ouranos’CEO since 2013. He was involved in different scientific synthesis at international (IPCC), national and regional scales and he is regularly invited to speak on the science of climate change and the related impacts to scientific conferences and other audiences, and has explained the science of climate change and the stakes for Quebec at several media events.
François Bouffard, Eng., is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at McGill University specializing Power system operation and planning of large Electrical networks with specific interest in Low Carbon Grids. François received his Ph.D. from McGill in 2006. He is the editor of IEEE Transactions on Power Systems and chair of the IEEE Power and Energy Society Systems Economics Subcommittee. He is the author or co-author of over 50 publications. He is a member of the Trottier institute for Sustainability in Engineering Design.
CATHERINE STE-MARIE, PH.D.
Dr. Catherine Ste-Marie received a Ph.D. in forest ecology from the University du Québec à Montréal. Her research focused on soil plant interactions and nutrient cycling in boreal forests. She joined the Canadian Forest Service (CFS) of Natural Resources Canada in 2007, where she is CFS national coordinator for climate change research, in Ottawa. Catherine leads Forest Change, the CFS contribution to the Government of Canada Adaptation program. Forest Change brings together the knowledge and expertise of more than 50 CFS staff to provide science in an applicable format to support adaptation of Canada’s forest sector. Forest change integrates a broad range of scientific and socioeconomics information and research. Catherine has been a key contributor to several syntheses and strategic documents such as A Blueprint for Forest Carbon Science in Canada: 2012-2020, a theme issue on assisted migration in the Forestry Chronicle, and the Natural Resources chapter of Canada’s 2014 Climate Change National Assessment (Canada in a Changing Climate: Sector Perspectives on Impacts and Adaptation). She also coordinates and manages the CFS contribution to several national and international Climate Change and Carbon Science initiatives.
S. CHAN WIRASINGHE
Chan Wirasinghe obtained his B.Sc. in Civil Engineering from the University of Ceylon. He was awarded a US Fulbright Scholarship to complete his MS & PhD at Berkeley. He is a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering and the Engineering Institute of Canada, and holds four more Fellowships. He is currently a Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Calgary, and previously served as the Dean of the Schulich School of Engineering for 12.5 years.
Dr. Wirasinghe’s research interests are in transportation engineering & planning, and mitigation of natural disasters. He has undertaken extensive work on the analytical modeling of public transit systems. He is of the view that increased use of urban public transit in peak as well as off peak periods is essential for a sustainable transport system that can adapt to climate change.
Chan Wirasinghe is the Co-Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Advanced Transportation. He has received the Alberta Premiers Award of Excellence (Silver), Calgary’s Citizen of the Year Award and a D.Sc. (Honorary) from the University of Moratuwa. He has supervised over 15 PhD students & PDF’s to completion and has over 200 publications.
MICHAEL GULLO, RAC
As the Director of Policy, Economic, and Environmental Affairs, Michael Gullo works directly with the Railway Association of Canada's (RAC) members and stakeholders on various files related to the environment and sustainability. This includes providing Secretary services to the RAC's Environment Committee and Sustainability Working Group, as well as contributions to the sector's voluntary emissions reduction program. Michael also provides support to the sector's emergency preparedness and response and waste management initiatives.
Michael worked directly with the RAC Executive and the RAC Board of Directors to design, draft and finalize the RAC's triennial strategic plan (2014 - 2016). This plan outlines a series of expected outcomes that will drive sector efforts and achieve results in three key areas: safety, supply chain competitiveness, and sustainability. Under this initiative he is responsible for working with the RAC membership and stakeholders to design and implement a sector-wide sustainability initiative.
Prior to joining the RAC, Michael worked for one of Canada's premier sustainability consultancies, leading its evaluation practice and contributing to the review of environmental legislation in Canada and its supporting programs related to climate change, species at risk and protected areas.
Currently responsible for energy storage in Transportation at ABB, Jacques Poulin has held positions in North America and in Europe in design, management and marketing of power equipment for the telecom, data center, renewable energy and now the transportation industries. Jacques holds a bachelor degree in Electrical Engineering and an MBA from McGill University. He co-founded Solpowered, a solar development firm in Ontario and, prior to this, was Vice-President responsible for the global portfolio of DC power products at Emerson Network Power.
He joined ABB in 2012 where he launched the ENVILINE Energy Storage System which improves the energy efficiency of urban mass transit rail networks.
BRUCE PEACHEY, FEIC, FCIC, P.Eng.
Bruce Peachey, is president of New Paradigm Engineering Ltd, in Edmonton, and has over 35 years experience in the upstream oil and gas industry, mainly on projects related to energy efficiency, water conservation and sustainable recovery of hydrocarbons. He obtained his BSc in Chemical Engineering from the University of Saskatchewan.
He spent 16 years with Imperial Oil with 12 of those years in oilsands related positions for Cold Lake and mineable oilsands, and the rest in conventional upstream oil and gas facilities and operational roles. Over the last 20 years he has worked through New Paradigm to address chronic sustainability problems in the oil and gas industry related to oil recovery, water management, methane vent reduction, energy efficiency and long-term R&D needs studies. He was a founding member of the Petroleum Technology Alliance Canada (PTAC) and is a sessional lecturer for “Oil and Gas Property Evaluation” 4th year Petroleum Engineering students, and “Environmental Stewardship – Energy, Carbon and Water” for the Environmental Resource Management program, Faculty of Extension, at the University of Alberta.
Bruce has continued to be involved in assessments of new technologies, providing input to entrepreneurs, gathering information on regional level oil and gas impacts and providing engineering insights to University and Institutional researchers.
Dr. PATRIC OUELLETTE
Chief Technology Officer, Westport Innovations
Dr. Ouellette joined Westport Innovations at its founding in 1995 in the role of Chief Scientist. He received a M.A.Sc. and a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from The University of British Columbia in 1992 and 1996 respectively, following a Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering from Montreal’s École Polytechnique in 1989. While at the University of British Columbia he was part of the team that developed the advanced natural gas engine technologies that led to the foundation of Westport in 1995. Westport went on to become a global leader in alternative fuel, low-emissions technologies that allow engines to operate on clean-burning fuels such as compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), hydrogen, and biofuels such as landfill gas.
Dr. Ouellette has been leading Technology and Engineering teams at Westport developing technologies and products focussed on efficient and robust use of gaseous fuels in applications ranging from passenger cars to heavy duty vehicles such as buses, trucks and locomotives.
Dr. Ouellette has also been active in the development of strategic partnerships globally with OEMs, manufacturing partners, development partners, research institutes and universities.
Colin Clark is Chief Technical Officer of Brookfield Renewable Energy Group, where he is the senior executive providing oversight of all engineering and technical affairs of the generation, transmission, and distribution businesses of Brookfield. He was formerly Executive Vice President & Chief Technical Officer of Brookfield Renewable Power Inc., Senior Vice-President, Operations of Brookfield Power (Brascan Power), and President & CEO of Great Lakes Power Limited and Lake Superior Power. Mr. Clark was previously Superintendent of Stations & Meterin at Ottawa Hydro and Engineer of Gananoque Light & Power Ltd.
Mr. Clark is a graduate in Electrical Engineering from Queen’s University at Kingston, and a Licensed Professional Engineer in Ontario and British Columbia. He has more than 30 years of experience as an engineer and executive in all areas of electric power utilities operations and development. Mr. Clark has also had responsibility for the design, construction, and evaluation of many electric power generation, transmission, and distribution projects.
Mr. Clark is a Director of the International Hydropower Association, a founder and Past-Chair of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Hydropower Association, Chair of the Generation Council and former Director of the Canadian Electricity Association, a founder and former Co-Chair of the Ontario Water Power Association, a former Director of the Association of Power Producers of Ontario, and a member of many other industry associations and advisory bodies. He is the author or co-author of more than 30 professional papers, articles, presentations, and lectures. Mr. Clark was the recipient of the IEEE Canada R. H. Tanner Industry Leadership Medal for 2011.
Vice President, Nuclear Oversight and Regulatory Affairs,
Frank began his career in the nuclear industry with Ontario Hydro, for whom he held a variety of management positions. This included experience in a number of disciplines such as engineering, operations, quality assurance, safety and inspection. He completed his time with Ontario Hydro Nuclear with four years of organizing and performing nuclear plant safety evaluations on behalf of Ontario Hydro and the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO). In this role, he performed inspections of North American and international plants.
After 13 years with Ontario Hydro Nuclear, Frank moved to McMaster University as Manager, McMaster Nuclear Reactor. Subsequently, he took up the position of Director of Nuclear Operations and Facilities where, as senior nuclear operating authority, he oversaw operations at McMaster's Nuclear Reactor, Accelerator Facility, Nuclear Research Building Laboratories and support facilities.
In 2001, Frank returned to the Bruce site with the launch of Bruce Power as Vice President Safety and Environment. Since 2001, he has held senior positions in a variety of areas including safety, environment, security, regulatory relations and oversight. Frank is particularly proud of Bruce Power’s strong reputation in these areas and the opportunity he had to play a role in this.
Prior to his more than 25 years in the nuclear industry, Frank served 12 years in the Canadian Armed Forces as a Land Ordnance Engineer. Currently, Frank holds the position of Vice President of Nuclear Oversight and Regulatory Affairs with Bruce Power.
DR. ANDREAS K. ATHIENITIS
Dr. Andreas K. Athienitis is the Scientific Director of the Canadian NSERC Smart Net-zero Energy Buildings Strategic Research Network and of the Concordia Centre for Zero Energy Building Studies.
He is a Professor of Building Engineering at Concordia University and holds a Senior NSERC/Hydro Quebec Industrial Research Chair and a Concordia University Research Chair, Tier I. He obtained a B.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering (1981) from the University of New Brunswick and a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Waterloo (1985). He is the author of more than 200 refereed papers, the Mathcad electronic book "Building Thermal Analysis" and the graduate level book "Thermal Analysis and Design of Passive Solar Buildings". He is a recipient of several awards, including ASHRAE Willis H. Carrier best paper award. He is a subtask leader of IEA SHC Task 40 / ECBCS Annex 52 “Towards Net-zero Energy Solar Buildings” and a contributing author of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC).
He was profiled as one of 25 top innovators in Quebec by Actualité Magazine (2009) and is a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering. He was named Concordia University Research Fellow (Senior) in 2010.
DUNCAN A. PHILLIPS, Ph.D., Principal/Technical Consultant, RWDI
Duncan joined RWDI in 2000 and became a principal in 2009. As Global Practice Leader for Building Performance/Physics, he is involved in project execution and developing new methodologies for analyzing buildings and the urban realm. Duncan’s project experience includes applying climate design strategies involving advanced climate analysis to natural ventilation, increasing human comfort, and reducing building energy demands. This has involved innovative work on natural ventilation and thermal mass in stadia and schools to store and release heat, and "wind manipulation" to cool streetscapes and occupied spaces.
Nicholas Abi-Samra, Head of Department, Operational Excellence, DNV-GL has more than 35 years of experience in power systems, planning, operations, maintenance spanning from generation, through the transmission and distribution systems to end-use and smart grid. He also has experience related to various aspects of system performance and reliability such as equipment failure analyses, blackout and disturbance investigation and extreme weather impacts.
Nicholas previously served in technical leadership and managerial positions at Westinghouse, EPRI, Accenture and Quanta Technology. He has developed tools and methodologies to model electric power systems to help utilities make prudent business decisions. He completed all course work for Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University. Professionally, he served as the General Chair and Technical Program Coordinator for the 2012 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting and has been serving as the Chair of the Power & Energy and Power Electronics chapters of the IEEE in San Diego for the last five years.
He has over 80 publications and is a Professional Registered Engineer in California.
DR. DANIEL MENELEY
Dr. Daniel Meneley retired from Atomic Energy of Canada in 2001, and holds the honorific title of Engineer Emeritus. Before retirement in 2001 he served as AECL’s Chief Engineer for 9 years. He also serves as member and Past Chair of the External Advisory Panel to the Generation IV reactor program of Natural Resources Canada, in addition to other advisory committees and consultancies. He is an Adjunct Professor of Nuclear Engineering at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, and former Dean of the Faculty of Energy Systems & Nuclear Science.
Dr. Meneley was a Member of the Nuclear Safety Advisory Group of IAEA from 1985 to 1988 and has served on several IAEA committees, most recently as Chair of the panel for Evaluation of IAEA Activities on Research Reactors in 2009. He is a former Chair and now life member of the Defence Science Board of Canada, reporting to DND senior management. He recently was appointed as Engineer Emeritus by CANDU Energy Incorporated. He has been honored as Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada.
Dan was born and raised in Maple Creek, Saskatchewan and graduated with Great Distinction from the U. of S. College of Engineering in Saskatoon in 1958. He earned a PhD in Mechanical Engineering (Reactor Physics) from the University of London England in 1963. Subsequently, he conducted fast reactor research at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois and led the Nuclear Group of Ontario Hydro during the design & construction of Pickering B, Bruce B, and Darlington nuclear generating stations.
President and Chief Executive Officer VIA Rail Canada
Since his arrival at VIA Rail Canada in 2010, Mr. Desjardins-Siciliano was the Corporation's Chief Corporate & Legal Officer, Corporate Secretary and responsible for Risk Management. These responsibilities brought him to deal with elected officials, the Privy Council Office, Transport Canada, Office of the Auditor General, Transportation Safety Board, Canadian Transportation Agency and other government agencies.
A firm believer in openness and transparency Yves introduced an innovative and aggressive social media strategy that received recognition in Canada and abroad while he was responsible for the Corporation’s Media and Community Relations.
An experienced lawyer and seasoned executive, Yves has held several positions in legal, regulatory and government relations, business and corporate development, marketing, communications and finance, as well as Government Relations and Regulatory Affairs. He contributed to the development of private and publicly-held companies in the information technology, telecommunications, marketing and entertainment industries. Yves was also Chief of Staff to the federal Minister of Labour and Minister of State for Transport from 1989 to 1991.
He is known for his broad network of high-level contacts in the Canadian business, the government and in Canada’s political communities. He is a trusted advisor who is recognized amongst public and private Boards of Directors on Corporate Strategy, Legal, Business Development, Government and Regulatory issues,
He holds a law degree (LL.B.) from l’Université de Montréal and he completed Graduate Studies in Law (GSD) at McGill University. He also has a designation from the Institute of Corporate Directors (ICD.D).
Since his appointment as President and Chief Executive Officer on May 9, 2014, Yves Desjardins-Siciliano represents VIA Rail Canada as one of the two North American representatives on the Executive Committee of the International Union of Railways (UIC).
OSKAR T. SIGVALDASON PH.D., P.ENG., FCAE
Oskar Sigvaldason has been a Director of the Energy Council of Canada since 1994 and served as Chair in 2004 and 2005. He has also worked with the World Energy Council (WEC) since 1997.
During 2004 to 2007, he was North America’s Steering Committee Representative for a WEC Global Study, “Energy Policy Scenarios to 2050”. This included coordinating input from North America, with national workshops in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The results were assembled in a North America Report, which he co-authored, which served as input to the WEC Global Report.
He served as a Member of WEC’s Studies Committee from 2007 to 2013. This included overseeing studies on Global Energy Scenarios; annual Energy Trilemma Reports (energy security, environmental performance, social equity); and Global Inventory of Energy Resources.
In preparation for the WEC Congress in Montreal in 2010, he had a key role in organizing a series of Forums across Canada. This included Forums with direct participation by all 14 national, provincial and territorial jurisdictions in Canada. The theme of the Forums was on strategies and policies to address the combined challenge of energy security and climate change. This culminated in the Report “Building on Strengths: Canada’s Energy Policy Framework”, which was formally presented to Canada’s Council of Energy Ministers.
In preparation for the WEC Congress in Korea (2013), he served as a member of WEC’s Energy Scenarios Committee. He participated in the China Energy Summit and served as Moderator for the North America Regional Workshop in Washington.
Currently, he is Project Manager for a special Project, funded by the Trottier Family Foundation, which is co-sponsored by the Canadian Academy of Engineering and the David Suzuki Foundation. The goal of the Project is to define the most cost effective strategies for reducing GHG emissions in Canada by 80% by 2050, relative to 1990.
Oskar Sigvaldason has served as Director and Trustee of publicly traded companies, private corporations, Designated Administrative Authorities, Councils, advocacy organizations and University for the past 30 years.
He worked with Acres International (consulting engineers in energy and infrastructure sectors) for 38 years. He joined Acres as a Senior Engineer and progressed to President and CEO of the Acres Group.
He continues to be active though his wholly owned corporation, SCMS Global. This corporation provides advisory, consulting and management services for specific projects and systems of projects for energy and environmental systems and for urban developments. He also provides services for organizational planning, corporate governance, and Corporate Director roles.He is a Civil Engineer, with a Ph.D. from University of London. He subsequently attended Harvard University to pursue special studies in management science, economics and environmental studies.
Plenary Sessions provide an opportunity for knowledgeable individuals from Industry, Academia, and the Public Service to provide a broad overview of how their organizations are addressing the challenges of Climate Change.
Climate Change does not occur in a straight timeline nor does it necessarily move in the same direction. The effects of Climate Change are unequal across the globe and in a given country. Solutions are complicated and can have unexpected consequences.
There are two fundamental approaches to dealing with Climate Change. One is to reduce the forcing functions; a second is to take steps that allow us to cope with its impact. Mitigation refers to the policies and measures designed to reduce these forcing functions. While mitigation tackles the likely causes of climate change, adaptation focuses on its effects. Adaptation refers to the adoption of policies and practices to prepare for the inevitable effects of Climate Change.
Climate Change Technology Conference 2015 will have four Plenary Sessions and they will seek to address 4 principal topics:
Energy and Industrial Production
Infrastructure and Buildings
Speakers in each session will address what their organizations have accomplished in both mitigating and adapting to the effects of Climate Change and provide the audience with a view of their future direction.
This session will provide a forum for speakers from the host Province to identify how they are using Technology and Engineering to counter the effects of Climate Change both in Quebec and elsewhere where their products and services are used.
HOW TO DEAL WITH CURRENT AND FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGES:
EXAMPLES OF RESEARCH AND ADAPTATION IN QUEBEC
ALAIN BOURQUE, OURANOS CONSORTIUM
A broad scientific consensus indicates that climate change already causes a gradual change of climatological statistics as well as the hydrological cycle of several regions of the world, including Quebec and Canada. Concerns are increasingly growing and can be generalized since on one hand, observations confirm the trends anticipated for more than 20 years and, on the other hand, it is expected that warming of the atmosphere will accelerate over the next few decades. In Quebec, several observed climate impacts are consistent with global trends and tools to anticipate the evolution of climate at regional scales suggest even greater upcoming changes for all regions of Quebec. Thus, the anticipated impacts will be important on the natural environment as well as the built environment, but also on the socio-economic activities of Quebec, the health and safety of its population, increasing erosion and coastal flooding in eastern Quebec, changes in the season of snow and ice, direct consequences on infrastructure and tourist activities, heat islands and impacts on human health etc. It is therefore essential to develop solutions that will make Quebec less vulnerable and therefore more resilient to the impacts associated with a changing climate. One example is the modification of the geometry of roadways such as increasing the size of culverts to cope with the increase in precipitation, the development of green infrastructure in the cities (green lanes, green roofs, plant walls, MSO of stormwater management systems, ponds and gardens of retention of rainwater), upgrading water management infrastructure to integrate the various climate scenarios possible (resizing of infrastructure relocation of a water intake, the mechanization of a valve, etc.) or adaptation of the method of management / design of power stations and hydroelectric reservoirs to the evolution of hydrological regimes.
ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS FOR CARBON FOOTPRINT REDUCTION IN REMOTE COMMUNITIES
FRANÇOIS BOUFFARD, MCGILL UNIVERSITY
Given its vastly hydroelectric power generation mix, carbon footprint reduction potential in Québec's power industry remains limited. This, however, neglects Québec's large number of off-grid remote communities which are powered locally by diesel-fired generators. The power generation needs of these communities represent a non-negligible quantity of fuel contributing to the province’s carbon footprint when both burnt and hauled. There are carbon footprint and global generation cost reduction opportunities arising in the coupling of diesel generation systems with local renewable generation. Nonetheless, the greatest benefits of these renewable/diesel couplings can only be realized with the support of energy storage systems. In this talk, we argue the case for energy storage as the cornerstone of more efficient and low carbon off-grid communities. We present the case of a novel compressed air energy storage system technology developed by a Montreal-based company, and we show its potential for reducing the carbon footprint and cost of remote power generation in Québec.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND FORESTS -
THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE CANADIAN FOREST SERVICE
TO SUPPORT THE ADAPTATION OF THE FOREST SECTOR
CATHERINE STE-MARIE, PH.D.
Climate is a determining factor in the composition and productivity of forests. The impacts of climate change on Canada's forest ecosystems vary geographically across the country and are often cumulative. We observe, for example, changes in systems of disturbance, i.e., fires, insect outbreaks, phenology, and the health and productivity of forests having significant repercussions on the forestry sector. A better understanding of these impacts, and incorporating climate change in decisions related to sustainable forestry management, form a crucial step in adaptation to minimize the risks and to to maximize opportunities. The Canadian Forest Service has a long history of scientific research on the impacts of climate change on forests. In recent years, considerable effort has been invested to assist the forestry sector to adapt to climate change.
The forest change initiative coordinates research efforts to allow for 1) better integration amongst the different scientific disciplines, as well as socio-economic considerations; (2) the delivery of scientific knowledge in ways allowing for its efficient inclusion in established decision-making processes; (3) communication of past and projected impacts of spatial and temporal resolutions relevant to forestry management. The presentation will describe the challenges associated with these different objectives and the current work of the Canadian Forest Service by providing the technological aspects of the approach. We will also state the challenges that remain to better support the adaptation of the forestry sector to climate change.
Transportation is one of the largest users of energy. Each form of Transportation has its own particular challenges in adapting to or mitigating the effects of Climate Change. Speakers will address these challenges and the solutions in areas such as Railroads, Aircraft, Marine Transport, Rubber Tired Vehicles and Mass Transit.
ROLE OF USER PAY CONCEPT, TECHNOLOGY AND PUBLIC TRANSIT
IN A SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM
PROFESSOR S.C. WIRASINGHE, PHD (BERKELEY); DSC (HON.); P.ENG; FEIC; FCAE
A sustainable urban transport system is one of the essential components of a strategy for mitigating climate change. Here we focus on passenger transport. Such a system must include use of ICT and other advanced technologies during construction, operations and maintenance; new vehicle technologies; human powered transport; and significantly increased use of public transit. User-pay concepts are also crucial within a milieu where people will be free to make their own choices while accepting responsibility for the impacts of their decisions.
While any one of the above concepts taken individually is not sufficient, all of them taken together are likely to make a difference. In this presentation, the economies of scale or lack thereof of private automobile travel and public transport are considered. The socio, economic, political, equity, environmental and technical issues associated with a user-pay based private and public transport system in urban areas and some likely consequences are discussed. The role of optimised public transit systems including para-transit is highlighted.
TECHNOLOGIES WHICH MAKE ELECTRIC URBAN TRANSIT MORE EFFICIENT
JACQUES POULIN, ABB
Transportation represents the 2nd largest source of carbon emissions, only behind the generation of electricity. Despite this, public mass transportation is considered green. But is it really? Is electrification of public transportation by itself sufficient, or will it simply shift the emissions to the generation of electricity?
This presentation provides insights on the electrification of the public rail and shuttle bus transportation. It looks at examples of storage based technologies which are available and deployed today to mitigate the impact which electrifying bus and rail transportation can have on the grid and their potential increase of carbon emissions.
EMISSIONS MANAGEMENT IN THECANADIAN RAILWAY SECTOR
MICHAEL GULLO, RAC
Canada's railways are critical to achieving a low-carbon economy. Mr. Gullo will provide an overview of the sector's voluntary emission reduction initiatives, discussing critical technologies and management strategies that have allowed railway's to transport more goods while lowering their emissions on a year to year basis. His presentation will cover a decade's worth of performance for Canada's freight and inter-city passenger railways, and will speak to the strategies in place to lower emissions in the future.
Energy has many forms each with its advantages and disadvantages. Society’s need for energy can only increase over the long term. One challenge is to satisfy this increasing requirement while reducing the effects of climactic change in an economical way. Energy production itself may be subject to Climate Change or may provide positive or negative results affecting Climate Change. Adaptive Production is what keeps us alive and disruption or failure can lead to serious consequences.
BROOKFIELD RENEWABLE ENERGY: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
COLIN L. CLARK, P. ENG.
Renewable energy is widely recognized as having a key role in mitigating climate change. Around the world demand for renewable energy is rising, driven by increasing consumption of energy, retirements of existing generation, policies to reduce carbon emissions, and societal expectations. Renewable energy companies have unprecedented opportunities to grow their asset bases and build value.
Brookfield Renewable Energy Partners (BREP) is one of the leading renewable power businesses in the world, with integrated operating platforms on three continents and an installed capacity of 6,700 MW. BREP has more than 100 years of experience as a developer and operator in the hydropower business, and since 2006 the company has diversified its asset base through the addition of windpower assets. Over the last 10 years BREP has increased its installed capacity by over 5,000 MW, resulting in a portfolio that now includes 204 hydro plants and 28 wind farms.
The speaker will give an overview of BREP, describe its expansion to date, and discuss its outlook and strategy for future growth.
IS THERE A GREENER FUTURE FOR COAL? THERE BETTER BE!
BRUCE PEACHEY, P.Eng.
The global focus on GHG emissions has made it politically incorrect to discuss coal fueled power generation in developed countries, despite the fact it is still the largest source of energy used for power generation in the world. Globally coal energy consumption for power generation, on an oil equivalent basis is greater than hydro, nuclear, renewables and natural gas combined. And coal consumption for power is still on the rise to meet the needs of growing economies mainly in the Asia Pacific region which consumes ~66% of the world’s coal production. When over 1.3 billion people still live without a reliable power supply, the developed world should be looking for a way of more sustainably generating power from coal, instead of ignoring the issue, because it will not be going away. This presentation will discuss the range of options for coal utilization that may lead to ways to continue the world’s ability to access coal energy without the high costs (economic, social or environmental) that only the developed world can afford.
The effects of Climate Change in these two areas are often the most obvious to the general public. Weather-related repercussions often happen quickly and in many cases cause great inconvenience to the public. Much of our infrastructure is aging and this, coupled with the effects of a changing climate, provides great challenges to owners, operators, and service organizations that develop and maintain these critical infrastructure systems.
Buildings are part of our infrastructure. The challenges face both designers and builders of new structures and the owners of existing facilities.
INTEGRATION OF SOLAR AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGIES:
TOWARDS SMART NET ZERO ENERGY BUILDINGS
DR. ANDREAS K. ATHIENITIS
Net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs) are usually described as those that produce from on-site renewable energy sources as much energy as they consume in an average year. This presentation will focus first on a design methodology for houses in Canada to capture solar energy through building-integrated solar systems for simultaneous production of electricity and useful heat, optimally designed windows for capturing passive solar heat gains and daylight, and efficient techniques of building-integrated storage. Results from near-net-zero energy demonstration buildings are also presented.
The term “Smart NZEB” is used to describe two major expected characteristics of such buildings:
1. A building that optimally controls its indoor environment and is responsive to occupant needs so as to provide good indoor comfort for work, leisure activities and rest.
2. A building that optimizes its operation so as to substantially reduce energy consumption costs while optimally interacting with energy grids – both electrical and thermal (e.g. district heating/cooling).
Smart NZEBs interacting in an optimal way with smart electricity grids can shift and reduce peak demand for electricity by optimizing production, storage and utilization of energy from renewable energy sources. Smart buildings can become net energy producers over a year through efficient integration of energy efficiency measures such as use of LED lighting, optimal insulation levels and advanced windows with renewable energy systems such as building-integrated photovoltaic systems. However the routine design of such buildings poses major challenges and requires significant innovations on how we design, construct and operate the buildings – some of these innovations will be briefly discussed.
IMPACTS ON THE POWER GRID INFRASTRUCTURE DUE TO EXTREME WEATHER AND CLIMATE CHANGE
Dealing with the severe impacts and challenges of extreme weather events and Climate Change on electrical Power System Grids is a hot topic. Severe storms and events in North America and across the globe over the past several years have caused major damage and disruption to infrastructure and stressed the capability of Electrical Utilities to maintain continuity and reliability of supply with power cuts to very large numbers of customers often for several days. Also the costs of restoration and repair are considerable with resultant impact on rates. Understanding the impacts and consequences of these events on the Grid Infrastructure is essential for deciding how to best build resilience, manage the aftermath, reduce power cuts, speed Grid recovery and manage costs.
DR. DANIEL MENELEY
Canada benefits from diversity of energy supply from many small contributors such as wind. Large fossil fuel deposits are available. Canada also is lucky to have abundant hydraulic resources to answer our needs for electricity in some provinces. So, why should Canada “Go Fission?”
There are many reasons, as outlined recently by the Canadian Academy of Engineering. First among these is our desire for clean air. Secondly, we want to be assured of energy security both today and in the long-term future. Nuclear fission technology can meet both of these objectives at a cost even lower than we pay today.
CANDU power plants began responding to these needs more than 50 years ago. Ontario’s first commercial power plant started up at Pickering in 1971. Today, more than half of Ontario’s electricity is supplied by nuclear fission, supplemented by hydro and by wind and biofuels. (Solar and coal are not included in the IESO generation record.)
Some thirty years ago, two creative Ontarians pointed the way forward in an international publication outlining plans for the Bruce Energy Centre. This bold plan suffered from short-term thinking that obscured its long-term benefits; these have recently been restated by the Canadian Academy. This presentation will summarize the many sustainable advantages of a large energy centre located in Ontario, powered by our existing CANDU fission reactors. In addition, the paper will show the way to extend this concept into the thousand-year future, using technologies already proven feasible today.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY: VIA RAIL, A GREEN CHOICE
Mr. Desjardins-Siciliano will describe VIA Rail's current efforts in the reduction of Ghg emissions. Most importantly, he will outline how VIA Rail plans to support Canada's sustainable development agenda by providing sustainable transportation services to more Canadians.